HISTORY: A president with no political experience

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History was made in the United States presidential election on Tuesday as President-elect, Donald Trump, became the first person to emerge president without any previous service in government.

Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump speaks at a rally organized by Tea Party Patriots in on Capitol Hill in Washington, Wednesday, Sept. 9, 2015, to oppose the Iran nuclear agreement. (AP Photo/Carolyn Kaster)

Since the establishment of the office of the President of the United States in 1789, the past 43 presidents and incumbent President Barack Obama served in different capacities in government before becoming president.

All the past United States presidents took over mantle of leadership after previous services as military official, vice president, Secretary of State, minister, senator or governor. But Trump broke the 227 years record by being the first to become president without any previous experience in military or governance.

The first United States President, George Washington was Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army between 1775 and 1783 before he became president on April 30, 1789.

He served for eight years before handing over to his vice, John Adams on March 4, 1797. Adams was also succeeded by his vice Thomas Jefferson on March 4, 1801.

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The fourth, fifth and sixth presidents; James Madison, James Monroe and John Quincy Adams, served as secretaries of state before becoming presidents.

The seventh president, Andrew Jackson was a former senator from Tennessee, while the eighth president, Martin Van Buren was a former vice president.

William Henry Harrison (ninth president) was a former US Minister to Colombia while the 10th president, John Tyler and his successors, James Polk and Zachary Taylor, were ex-vice president, governor of Tennessee and Major General of the 1st Infantry Regiment of the United States Army respectively.

Others are Millard Fillmore (12th vice president), Franklin Pierce (Brigadier General of the 9th Infantry of US Army), James Buchanan (US Minister to the Court of St. James), Abraham Lincoln (US Representative for Illinois’ 7th District), Andrew Johnson (16th vice president), Ulysses S. Grant (Commanding General of the US Army) Rutherford B. Hayes (29th and 32nd Governor of Ohio) and James A. Garfield (U.S. Representative for Ohio’s 19th District) and Chester A. Arthur (20th vice president).

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The 22nd and 24th US president, Grover Cleveland, was a former governor of New York, while the 23rd president, Benjamin Harrison was a former senator from Indiana.

Former presidents William McKinley, Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft were ex-Governor of Ohio, 25th vice president and 42nd United States Secretary of War respectively before leading US.

The 28th and 29th US presidents, Woodrow Wilson and Warren G. Harding were ex-governor of New Jersey and senator from Ohio, respectively, while the 30th, 31st and 32nd presidents; Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover and Franklin D. Roosevelt were former vice president, Secretary of Commerce and governor of New York.

Others are Harry S. Truman (ex-vice president), Dwight D. Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander Europe) and John F. Kennedy (US Senator from Massachusetts).

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The 36th, 37th, 38th and 41th presidents; Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Gerald Ford and George H.W.Bush served as vice presidents before becoming presidents; while the 39th and 40th presidents; Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan were former governors of Georgia and California, respectively. The last two presidents, Bill Clinton and George W. Bush were former governors of Arkansas and Texas.

The incumbent president, Barack Obama, was a senator from Illinois before emerging as the most powerful president in the world.

The President-elect, Donald Trump, a business tycoon and billionaire was chairman of the Trump Organisation from 1971 till when he declared his intension to contest for the presidency on the platform of the Republican Party against Hillary Clinton of Democratic Party.

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