Nigeria needs an investment of N850bn for households to construct 25 million toilets by 2025, as no fewer than 120 million people in Nigeria lack access to improved sanitation facilities, thereby exposing them to public health hazards, this is according to United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)
UNICEF’s Chief Officer in charge of Water Sanitation and Hygiene, Mr Kannan Nadar, disclosed this in an interview in Abuja.
According to him, reaching the Sustainable Development Goals target on Sanitation requires us to multiply our current efforts by fifteen.
He said Nigeria could achieve its target of meeting the National Roadmap of Ending Open defecation by 2030, “if it puts policies in place to encourage behavioural change in sanitation and Hygiene.”
Nadar said the agency had carried out a survey in some selected communities, and observed that there was a gap between knowledge and attitude in hygiene promotion practice.
“Such situation could be reduced with proper hygiene promotion messages,” he said.
He said 14,000 Nigerian communities have attained open defecation free status within the eight years of its intervention via the Community Led Total Sanitation Programme.
He noted that Nigeria was known for having sanitary inspectors, who carried out enforcement of hygiene practices.
“But the inspectors did not appear to have the needed encouragement; such practice should be encouraged by all, to reduce possible outbreak of preventable diseases,” he said.
According to him, Nigeria needs to scale up its hygiene promotion strategies to enable it become a social norm.
The UNICEF official, who said that the intervention was covering 200,000 communities, stated that poor persons were 36 times more likely to defecate in the open than rich individuals “due to the disproportionate distribution of wealth in the society.”
He challenged stakeholders to develop simple, better and cost effective messages that would enable more Nigerians change their behaviours towards hygiene promotion.